The USA and India have been referred to, usualy by themselves, as the two greatest dedmocracies in the world. They are both parties to the UNCRPD (the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities), whose Article 27.1 says about `Work and Employment' says:
States Parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to work, on an equal basis with others; this includes the right to the opportunity to gain a living by work freely chosen or accepted in a labour market and work environment that is open, inclusive and accessible to persons with disabilities. States Parties shall safeguard and promote the realization of the right to work, including for those who acquire a disability during the course of employment, by taking appropriate steps, including through legislation, ...
And here is what they have done towards this end:
USA: According to a report in Facebook on President Obama's State of the Union address, he said that he will issue an executive order mandating that federal contractors pay their workers no less than $10.10 per hour, while the plan apparently excludes people with disabilities who currently earn less than the federal minimum of $7.25 per hour. Employers — including many with federal government contracts — can obtain special permission from the U.S. Department of Labor to pay those with disabilities less than minimum wage under a provision that’s been in place since the 1930s.
India: A draft (circa 2011) in circulation of the so-caled Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 3% of Government jobs would be reserved for PWD, while apparently only 0.21% of the jobs have actually been given to PWD. And there is a new draft of RPD (version that saw light of day in late December 2013) which now promises 5% reservation of posts to PWD - but you should understand the way this formula is to be applied: some `higher wisdom' has identified which manner of jobs can be given to people with what kind of disability) and for each of those disabilities (exactly 5 of which have been identified), 1% of the identified jobs can be given to PWD - so will this `new improved' draft result in an improvement of the old 0.21% figure.